What did aristotle say about ethics

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what did aristotle say about ethics

The Nicomachean Ethics Quotes by Aristotle

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Aristotle & Virtue Theory: Crash Course Philosophy #38

Aristotelian ethics

Aristotle conceives of ethical theory as a field distinct from the theoretical sciences. Its methodology must match its subject matter—good action—and must respect the fact that in this field many generalizations hold only for the most part. We study ethics in order to improve our lives, and therefore its principal concern is the nature of human well-being. Aristotle follows Socrates and Plato in taking the virtues to be central to a well-lived life. Like Plato, he regards the ethical virtues justice, courage, temperance and so on as complex rational, emotional and social skills. But he rejects Plato's idea that to be completely virtuous one must acquire, through a training in the sciences, mathematics, and philosophy, an understanding of what goodness is.

Like many Greeks, Aristotle did not believe in the existence of inherently bad behaviors. A behavior cannot be either good or evil, but a person can have good or bad character traits. Aristotle said that all people are composed of a combination of vice bad character traits and virtue good character traits. He uses this concept to explain the thesis: Virtue is a disposition concerned with choice. This is explained in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics.

But the word does not merely mean passive habituation. Rather Some translators make Aristotle say that virtue is a disposition, or a settled disposition. This is.
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1. Preliminaries

Of all the classical theories considered here, his is the farthest from an ethics of self-interest. With respect to the good, right, happiness, the good is not a disposition. Good is that which all things aim. Something is good if it performs its proper function. A right action is that which is conducive to the good, and different goods correspond to the differing sciences and arts. For human beings, eudaemonia is activity of the soul in accordance with arete excellence, virtue, or what it's good for. Eudaemonia is living well and doing well in the affairs of the world.

The Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle's most important study of personal morality and the ends of human life, has for many centuries been a widely-read and influential book. Though written more than 2, years ago, it offers the modern reader many valuable insights into human needs and conduct. Among its most outstanding features are Aristotle's insistence that there are no known absolute moral standards and that any ethical theory must be based in part on an understanding of psychology and firmly grounded in the realities of human nature and daily life. In addition, the book vividly reflects Aristotle's achievements in other areas of philosophy and is a good example of his analytical method, which must be considered the ultimate basis of all modern scientific research. People have not changed significantly in the many years since Aristotle first lectured on ethics at the Lyceum in Athens.

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