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Flying Over The Nazca Lines And Geoglyphs From Ica Peru
Peru’s famous Nazca Lines may include drawings of exotic birds
By Bruce Bower. June 26, at am. Three avian images depict species that live far outside the region where the famous drawings were created, zooarchaeologist Masaki Eda of Hokkaido University Museum and his colleagues conclude. Headlines and summaries of the latest Science News articles, delivered Tuesdays and Thursdays. In Peru, hermits inhabit rainforests on the eastern slopes of the Andes and in northern regions near Ecuador. Another Nazca drawing previously classified as a baby duck instead portrays a newly hatched parrot, the scientists suspect.
The Nazca or Nasca civilization flourished in southern Peru between BCE and CE and amongst their most famous legacies are the geoglyphs and lines - often referred to as Nazca Lines - drawn across deserts and hills along the eastern coast of Peru and northern Chile which were either stylized drawings of animals, plants and humans or simple lines which connected sacred sites or pointed to water sources. They were made over many centuries and although their exact purpose is disputed the most widely held theory is that they were designed to be walked along as part of religious rites and processions. The lines were made remarkably easily and quickly by removing the oxidised darker surface rocks which lay closely scattered across the lighter coloured desert pampa floor. The aridity of the desert has preserved them well although the sun can darken the exposed lighter sand over time and many can still be clearly seen today. Most designs are only visible from the air but some were made on hillsides and so are visible from the ground. Lines could be single - both straight and curved - or in groups and could cross each other in complicated networks.
The Nazca also spelled Nasca Lines are geoglyphs located in an arid coastal area of Peru that cover an estimated square miles square kilometers. Scratched on the ground, they number in the thousands and depict creatures from both the natural world and the human imagination. They include animals such as the spider, hummingbird, monkey, lizard, pelican and even a killer whale. Also depicted are plants, trees, flowers and oddly shaped fantastic figures. Also illustrated are geometric motifs such as wavy lines, triangles, spirals and rectangles.
The Nazca Drawings Revisited: Creation of Full-Sized Duplicate
The Nazca Lines are a collection of giant geoglyphs—designs or motifs etched into the ground—located in the Peruvian coastal plain about miles kilometers south of Lima, Peru. Created by the ancient Nazca culture in South America, and depicting various plants, animals, and shapes, the 2,year-old Nazca Lines can only be fully appreciated when viewed from the air given their massive size. There are three basic types of Nazca Lines: straight lines, geometric designs and pictorial representations. There are more than straight lines on the coastal plain, some of which are 30 miles 48 km long. Additionally, there are over geometric designs, which include basic shapes such as triangles, rectangles, and trapezoids, as well as spirals, arrows, zig-zags and wavy lines.
The Nazca Lines are legendary. One significant reason there is so much interest in the drawings: they can only be fully seen from a few hundred feet in the air, meaning that the people who created them never would have had a way to see them in full… unless, of course, you believe they did. Due to the mystery surrounding their exact purpose and the fact that they can only be fully seen from the sky, the lines are of particular attraction to new-agers, ancient astronaut theorists, and alien enthusiasts — much to the frustration of the anthropologists, archaeologists, and astronomers who have studied the lines and hope to provide credible answers to their purpose and creation. The glyphs were made between BC and AD, the time of the technologically sophisticated Nazca people, who are believed to have created the lines. They were created by scraping a 10 to 30 cm layer of iron oxide off of the dry desert floor.
Its enormous extension and the accurate lines of its contours could remind us of the Pyramids of Egypt. But instead of looking up to a work of monumental three-dimensional simplicity, we look down from great heights on flat surfaces, which over miles are covered with geometric patterns which spread, as if drawn by giants with rulers of hundreds of feet…". The plateau of Nasca nowadays is a harsh desert covered with the sun-darkened rocks and intersected with the stream channels of the rivers that have dried up long ago. This is one of the most arid places on Earth. It is located km to the South of Lima, the capital of Peru, and 40 km away from the coast of the Pacific Ocean, at the altitude of approximately meters.