The Sun Temple of Konark by Anil DeyAbout the Book
The Sun Temple of Konark Historical evidences are scant and scattered. Historians have tried to fill the voids with legends. Though legends are not evidence per se, they do carry a seed of truth somewhere. The lost engineering techniques of several great temples have not received the importance they deserve. This is true for Konark too. In The Sun Temple of Konark, the author attempts to separate chaff from grain utilising scientific tools and methodologies. The Sun Temple has been recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is considered one of the seven wonders of India. This seminal volume is the result of extensive research by the author into not only the history and legends related to the temple, but also the legends on the temple. An engineer and architect by profession, the author examines the architecture and engineering of the temple in great detail. He questions several of the established theories regarding construction in its various stages and forwards his own theories with reasonable conviction. He takes great pains to go into as much detail as possible with regard to each and every portion, monument, and sculpture of the temple. With 415 images and 21 detailed architectural drawings, the book is a treasure trove for any admirer or student of Konark. or a researcher of its art, history, and architecture.
The great architect of Konark ... believed that, powered by solar grace, the united journey of man and woman in their bodily chariot, rolls on and on through days, months, and years to eternity, and that this is Amruta.
About the Author
An engineer by profession, Anil Dey undertakes studies on temples in Odisha. his absolute passion, and has spent over 60 years in this activity. This book is the culmination of this long and arduous research. An avid traveller through the Himalayas, he has to his credit five travelogues, and a number of short stories and articles. He has also authored a book on Konark in Odia language. Photography is his childhood passion and he is also an avid photographer. Of late, Mr Dey has been involved in promoting the Kalinga Heritage Preservation Trust (KHPT), with the aim of constructing a Global Sun Temple in Konark.
G.c. Mitra is MIStructE (UK) and holds a doctorate from IIT. He retired as Eng-in-Chief & Secy Works, government of Odisha. He has been Prof-in-Charge, IIT Kharagpur, Bhubaneswar Campus, and was also Vice President of the Indian Road Congress. He has been awarded the Padmashree by HE the President of India.
HISTORY & LEGENDS OF KONARK SUN TEMPLE
The temple is unique in its architecture and is built in the form of a chariot driven by seven horses on 12 pairs of decorated wheels. There are beautiful carvings on the wall of the main temple, and then there is the Natya Mandap a separate structure just in front of the temple. The temple is said to symbolize the passage of time, which is assumed to be governed by the Sun God. The set of horses is meant to represent the seven days of the week, while the 12 pairs of wheels reference the 12 months of the year. Just beyond the porch is a double staircase that leads to a shrine containing a marvelous statue of the Sun God, which is carved out beautifully. Multifarious images can be seen on the walls of the temple that pose animals such as snakes, giraffes, elephants, etc. Asia India History.
Konark is also known as Konaditya. The Sun Temple of Konark, often called as the Black Pagoda, was constructed in the mid thirteenth century by Raja Narasimhadeva-I of the Ganga Dynasty is an ample testament to the artistic glory of the time. It is often considered the best among other temples of its kind and that is saying something when you are talking about the golden triangle of Odisha which boasts of Sri Jagannath Temple and Lingaraj Temple of Puri and Bhubaneswar. Legend has it that Samba, the king of Krishna and Jambavati entered the bathing chamber of Krishna's wifes, and was cursed by Krishna with leprosy. It was decreed that he would be relieved of the curse by worshipping the Sun god on the sea coast North East of Puri.
Konark is a medium town in the Puri district in the state of Odisha , India. It lies on the coast by the Bay of Bengal , 60 kilometers from the capital of the state, Bhubaneswar. The temple is a World Heritage Site. Konark is also home to an annual dance festival called Konark Dance Festival , devoted to classical Indian dance forms, including the traditional classical dance of Odisha, Odissi. On 16 February , Konark lay directly on the path of a total solar eclipse. The Sun Temple was built in the 13th century and designed as a gigantic chariot of the Sun God , Surya, with twelve pairs of ornamented wheels pulled by seven horses.
Since the time of Mahammad Ghori, Odisha was raided several times by the Muslims, but the Hindu kings of Odisha could resist them definitely for a longer period. The Hindus were aware that it would be rather impossible for them to tackle with such a warrior nation and to drive them permanently out of their their country. Still they went on taking aggrasive parts in such a way, that they could delay the Muslim occupation in Odisha, for about two centuries more. By the middle of the 13th century, when the Muslims had conquered the whole of the northern India and most parts of neighbouring Bengal, there was hardly any power which could check their advance and it was thought that the Hindu Kingdom of Odisha would soon be overrun by them. At that time Narasimhadeva I started taking the offensive against them. After the death of Sultan Iltutmish, in A.
The word 'Konark' is a combination of two words 'Kona' and 'Arka'. Konark is also known as Arka khetra. Sun Temple of Konark, built in the middle of 13th century, is a massive conception of artistic magnificence and engineering dexterity. King Narasimhadeva I, the great ruler of the Ganga dynasty had built this temple, with the help of artisans within a period of 12 years A. Konark Temple was designed in the form of a gorgeously decorated chariot mounted on 24 wheels , each about 10 feet in diameter, and drawn by 7 mighty horses. It is really difficult to understand, how this huge temple, every inch-space of which was so wonderfully carved, could have been completed within such a short time.